Document Detail


Carbon dioxide photolysis from 150 to 210 nm: Singlet and triplet channel dynamics, UV-spectrum, and isotope effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23776249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We present a first principles study of the carbon dioxide (CO2) photodissociation process in the 150- to 210-nm wavelength range, with emphasis on photolysis below the carbon monoxide + $$\hbox{ O }\left({}^{1}D\right)$$ singlet channel threshold at ∼167 nm. The calculations reproduce experimental absorption cross-sections at a resolution of ∼0.5 nm without scaling the intensity. The observed structure in the 150- to 210-nm range is caused by excitation of bending motion supported by the deep wells at bent geometries in the $${2}^{1}{A}^{\prime }$$ and $${1}^{1}{A}^{\prime\prime }$$ potential energy surfaces. Predissociation below the singlet channel threshold occurs via spin-orbit coupling to nearby repulsive triplet states. Carbon monoxide vibrational and rotational state distributions in the singlet channel as well as the triplet channel for excitation at 157 nm satisfactorily reproduce experimental data. The cross-sections of individual CO2 isotopologues ((12)C(16)O2, (12)C(17)O(16)O, (12)C(18)O(16)O, (13)C(16)O2, and (13)C(18)O(16)O) are calculated, demonstrating that strong isotopic fractionation will occur as a function of wavelength. The calculations provide accurate, detailed insight into CO2 photoabsorption and dissociation dynamics, and greatly extend knowledge of the temperature dependence of the cross-section to cover the range from 0 to 400 K that is useful for calculations of propagation of stellar light in planetary atmospheres. The model is also relevant for the interpretation of laboratory experiments on mass-independent isotopic fractionation. Finally, the model shows that the mass-independent fractionation observed in a series of Hg lamp experiments is not a result of hyperfine interactions making predissociation of (17)O containing CO2 more efficient.
Authors:
Johan A Schmidt; Matthew S Johnson; Reinhard Schinke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.
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