Document Detail


Carbon cycling in a zero-discharge mariculture system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21345477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Interest in mariculture systems will rise in the near future due to the decreased ability of the ocean to supply the increasing demand for seafood. We present a trace study using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes and chemical profiles of a zero-discharge mariculture system stocked with the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Water quality maintenance in the system is based on two biofiltration steps. Firstly, an aerobic treatment step comprising a trickling filter in which ammonia is oxidized to nitrate. Secondly, an anaerobic step comprised of a digestion basin and a fluidized bed reactor where excess organic matter and nitrate are removed. Dissolved inorganic carbon and alkalinity values were higher in the anaerobic loop than in the aerobic loop, in agreement with the main biological processes taking place in the two treatment steps. The δ(13)C of the dissolved inorganic carbon (δ(13)C(DIC)) was depleted in (13)C in the anaerobic loop as compared to the aerobic loop by 2.5-3‰. This is in agreement with the higher dissolved inorganic carbon concentrations in the anaerobic loop and the low water retention time and the chemolithotrophic activity of the aerobic loop. The δ(13)C and δ(15)N of organic matter in the mariculture system indicated that fish fed solely on feed pellets. Compared to feed pellets and particulate organic matter, the sludge in the digestion basin was enriched in (15)N while δ(13)C was not significantly different. This latter finding points to an intensive microbial degradation of the organic matter taking place in the anaerobic treatment step of the system.
Authors:
Kenneth Schneider; Yonatan Sher; Jonathan Erez; Jaap van Rijn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2448     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0105072     Medline TA:  Water Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Department of Animal Sciences, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel; The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Institute of Earth Sciences, Edmond Safra Campus, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel.
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