Document Detail


Carbohydrates, fats, and satiety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7900695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The macronutrient composition of the diet can influence hunger, satiety, food intake, body weight, and body composition. Fat, not carbohydrate, is the macronutrient associated with overeating and obesity. Fat is overeaten because it is highly palatable and because it provides a high level of energy in a given volume of food. However, when given in equal volumes, carbohydrate (sugar) and fat have similar effects on hunger, satiety, and subsequent food intake when infused intragastrically or ingested in foods by normal-weight, unrestrained young men. In obese and restrained subjects, preloads of high-carbohydrate yogurts suppress subsequent food intake more than do high-fat yogurts, indicating a relative insensitivity to the satiety value of fat. Both the amount of fat in the diet and total energy intake should be managed in weight-loss regimens. Low-fat foods and fat substitutes can help to reduce fat intake. Although more data are required, currently the best dietary advice for weight maintenance and for controlling hunger is to consume a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet with a high fiber content.
Authors:
B J Rolls
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-27     Completed Date:  1995-04-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  960S-967S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Nutrition Department, Penn State University, University Park 16802.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Weight
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates* / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats* / administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber
Humans
Male
Obesity
Satiation / physiology*
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK-39177/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Sweetening Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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