Document Detail


Carbohydrate supplementation and sex differences in fuel selection during exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20019632     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a high-CHO diet (80% CHO) and glucose ingestion (2 g x kg(-1)) during exercise (120 min, 57% VO2max) on fuel selection in women taking (W+OC) or not (W-OC) oral contraceptives and in men (six in each group). METHODS: Substrate oxidation was measured using indirect respiratory calorimetry in combination with a tracer technique to compute the oxidation of exogenous (13C-glucose) and endogenous CHO. RESULTS: In the control situation (mixed diet with water ingestion during exercise), the percent contribution to the energy yield (%En) of CHO oxidation was higher in men than in women (62 vs 53 %En). The high-CHO diet and glucose ingestion during exercise separately increased the %En from CHO oxidation in both men (+12%) and women (+24%), and the sex difference observed in the control situation disappeared. However, the increase in the %En from total CHO oxidation observed when glucose was ingested during exercise and when combined with a high-CHO diet was larger in women than in men (+47 vs +17 %En). This was not attributable to a higher %En from exogenous glucose oxidation in women, for which no sex difference was observed (25 and 27 %En in men and women), but was attributable to a smaller decrease in endogenous glucose oxidation. No significant difference in fuel selection was observed between W+OC and W-OC. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in total CHO oxidation after the high-CHO diet was not different between sexes. Glucose ingestion during exercise, separately and combined to the high-CHO diet, had a greater effect in women than in men; this was mostly attributable to the smaller reduction in endogenous CHO oxidation.
Authors:
Jonathan Tremblay; Francois Peronnet; Denis Massicotte; Carole Lavoie
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1314-23     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. jonathan.tremblay@umontreal.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Calorimetry, Indirect
Carbohydrate Metabolism / physiology*
Contraceptives, Oral, Sequential
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Food Preferences
Glucose / metabolism*
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptives, Oral, Sequential; 50-99-7/Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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