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Carbohydrate Metabolism and Activity of Pyrophosphate: Fructose-6-Phosphate Phosphotransferase in Photosynthetic Soybean (Glycine max, Merr.) Suspension Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16666398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Activity of pyrophosphate:fructose-6-phosphate phosphotransferase (PFP) was investigated in relation to carbohydrate metabolism and physiological growth stage in mixotrophic soybean (Glycine max Merr.) suspension cells. In the presence of exogenous sugars, log phase growth occurred and the cells displayed mixotrophic metabolism. During this stage, photosynthetic oxygen evolution was depressed and sugars were assimilated from the medium. Upon depletion of medium sugar, oxygen evolution and chlorophyll content increased, and cells entered stationary phase. Activities of various enzymes of glycolysis and sucrose metabolism, including PFP, sucrose synthase, fructokinase, glucokinase, UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, changed as the cells went from log to stationary phases of growth. The largest change occurred in the activity of PFP, which was three-fold higher in log phase cells. PFP activity increased in cells grown on media initially containing sucrose, glucose, or fructose and began to decline when sugar in the medium was depleted. Western blots probed with antibody specific to the -subunit of potato PFP revealed a single 56 kilodalton immunoreactive band that changed in intensity during the growth cycle in association with changes in total PFP activity. The level of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, an activator of the soybean PFP, increased during the first 24 hours after cell transfer and returned to the stationary phase level prior to the increase in PFP activity. Throughout the growth cycle, the calculated in vivo cytosolic concentration of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate exceeded by more than two orders of magnitude the previously reported activation coefficient (K(a)) for soybean PFP. These results indicate that metabolism of exogenously supplied sugars by these cells involves a PFP-dependent step that is not coupled directly to sucrose utilization. Activity of this pathway appears to be controlled by changes in the level of PFP, rather than changes in the total cytosolic level of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate.
Authors:
S R Spilatro; J M Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  862-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, North Carolina State University, North Carolina 27695-7631.
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