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Carbohydrate-Lipid Interactions: Affinities of Methylmannose Polysaccharides for Lipids in Aqueous Solution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22893559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The interactions between 3-O-methyl-mannose polysaccharides (MMPs), extracted from Mycobacterium smegmatis (consisting of a mixture of MMP-10, -11, -12 and -13) or obtained by chemical synthesis (MMP-5(s) , -8(s) , -11(s) and -14(s) ), and linear saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (FAs), and a commercial mixture of naphthenic acids (NAs) in aqueous solution at 25 °C and pH 8.5 were quantified by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Association constants (K(a) ) for MMP binding to four FAs (myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and trans-parinaric acid) were measured by using an indirect ESI-MS assay, the "proxy protein" method. The K(a) values are in the 10(4) -10(5)  M(-1) range and, based on results obtained for the binding of the synthetic MMPs with palmitic acid, increase with the size of the carbohydrate. Notably, the measured affinity of the extracted MMPs for trans-parinaric acid is two orders of magnitude smaller than the reported value, which was determined by using a fluorescence assay. Using a newly developed competitive binding assay, referred to as the "proxy protein/proxy ligand" ESI-MS method, it was shown that MMPs bind specifically to NAs in aqueous solution, with apparent affinities of approximately (5×10(4) ) M(-1) for the mixture of NAs tested. This represents the first demonstration that MMPs can bind to hydrophobic species more complex than those containing linear alkyl/alkenyl chains. Moreover, the approach developed here represents a novel method for probing carbohydrate-lipid interactions.
Lan Liu; Yu Bai; Nian Sun; Li Xia; Todd L Lowary; John S Klassen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1521-3765     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemistry     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513783     Medline TA:  Chemistry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Alberta Glycomics Centre and Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada).
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