Document Detail

Carbimazole-induced lupus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23391946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We describe the case of a 50-year-old lady admitted with a 3-week history of dyspnoea and left-sided pleuritic pain associated with pleural effusion. This common clinical picture nevertheless gave rise to a significant diagnostic challenge. The medical history included a diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis made 6 months previously that was being treated with carbimazole by her general practitioner. Key-investigation results were as follows: (1) pleural fluid was sterile and exudative, with no malignant cells, (2) erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C reactive protein and D-dimer were raised, (3) antinuclear antibody, anti-dsDNA and antihistone antibodies were newly positive, (4) imaging revealed a large left ventricular mass consistent with thrombus in the absence of evidence of a myocardial infarction. Based on the above investigations we hypothesised that carbimazole had induced systemic lupus erythematosus, manifesting as serositis resulting in an exudative pleural effusion and a proinflammatory/prothrombotic state. Carbimazole was stopped. The patient's pleural effusion completely resolved and she remains asymptomatic.
Ihteshamul Haq; Michael D Sosin; Simon Wharton; Anindya Gupta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-02-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ case reports     Volume:  2013     ISSN:  1757-790X     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ Case Rep     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526291     Medline TA:  BMJ Case Rep     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.
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