Document Detail


Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: a case series and review of previous reports.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22480624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance worldwide. Cannabinoids or cannabinoid receptor agonists are often used to treat nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. However, in recent years, several medical journals have published reports of patients with nausea and vomiting thought to be induced by chronic cannabis use.
OBJECTIVE: The authors seek to inform readers about Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS).
METHOD: The authors describe four patients with chronic cannabis abuse, episodic, intractable nausea and vomiting, and compulsive hot water bathing. Previous cases of CHS are reviewed, pathophysiology is hypothesized, and difficulties with making the diagnosis are discussed.
CONCLUSION: CHS should be strongly considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with intractable vomiting and/or compulsive hot water bathing.
Authors:
Stephen E Nicolson; Lex Denysenko; J Loretta Mulcare; Jose P Vito; Brenda Chabon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-04-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatics     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1545-7206     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosomatics     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-07     Completed Date:  2012-07-25     Revised Date:  2013-09-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376506     Medline TA:  Psychosomatics     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Bronx, New York 10467, USA. snicolso@montefiore.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Pain / chemically induced
Adult
Back Pain / drug therapy
Baths / psychology
Cannabinoids / adverse effects*
Chronic Disease
Compulsive Behavior / chemically induced*,  diagnosis,  psychology
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Hot Temperature
Humans
Male
Marijuana Abuse / complications*
Nausea / chemically induced*,  diagnosis
Pain Management
Syndrome
Vomiting / chemically induced*,  diagnosis
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cannabinoids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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