Document Detail

Canine "honing" in Australopithecus afarensis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2113767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The maxillary canines of Australopithecus afarensis show a distal wear facet that extends from the apex of the crown to a point near the distal cingulum. Although these facets bear a superficial resemblance to the honing facets found on the projecting portions of the canines of other anthropoids, a more detailed examination provided in this paper shows that they are not homologous or functionally equivalent. The facets are not related to the use of the maxillary canine as a weapon or as an additional masticatory surface. Instead, their presence in A. afarensis represented a blunting or dulling of the posterior edge of C so that its occlusion with P3 would be consistent with cheek tooth occlusion.
L O Greenfield
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0002-9483     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  1990 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-08-01     Completed Date:  1990-08-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-43     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Department of Anthropology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122.
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MeSH Terms
Cuspid / pathology*
Dental Occlusion*
Haplorhini / anatomy & histology
History, Ancient
Hominidae / anatomy & histology*
Tooth Abrasion / pathology

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