Document Detail

Candidate biomarkers for the detection of coronary plaque destabilization and rupture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18618976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Identification of high-risk patients presenting with chest pain remains challenging. The use of a single biomarker or a panel of biomarkers to detect occult plaque destabilization or rupture without frank infarction would allow for appropriate triage of such patients. Current data suggest that plaque vulnerability is determined by the relationship between forces that increase the size of the lipid core and destabilize the overlying thin fibrous cap. A variety of interrelated pathways are imputed to play important roles in this process of plaque evolution, destabilization, and rupture. These mechanisms include increased systemic and local inflammation, increased oxidative stress, matrix metalloproteinase modulation, and hemodynamic variables related to altered shear stress. Select candidate biomarkers that either reflect or influence these underlying processes and may ultimately have clinical application are highlighted in this review, which focuses on emerging biomarkers to define and predict the risks associated with the complex nature of vulnerable plaque biology.
Anand Prasad; Sotirios Tsimikas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1534-6242     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-317     Citation Subset:  IM    
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