Document Detail

Cancer in infants: a review of 82 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16169813     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cancer occurring in infants often has clinical and biological properties that are different from those of the same histologic type of cancer occurring in older children. The histologic distribution of cancers in infants and that in older children are also different. The aim of this study was to find these differences between infants and older children, and to compare the percent distribution of infant cancer subtypes with that reported by other countries. The authors collected infant cases diagnosed as having cancer from the database of the Cancer Registry in our Medical Center between 1995 and 2001. Subjects were selected subjects from inpatient logs, and their medical records were reviewed. Eighty-two infants (40 males and 42 females), including 12 neonates, were diagnosed with cancer over this 7-year period. Acute leukemia was diagnosed in 21 infants (25.6%; acute myeloid leukemia in 12, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in 9), retinoblastoma in 14 (17.1%), neuroblastoma in 12 (14.6%), brain tumor in 9 (11.0%), germ cell tumor in 8 (9.8%), renal cancer in 8 (Wilms tumor 3, mesoblastic nephroma 1, renal sarcoma 1, rhabdoid tumor 3), hepatoblastoma in 5 (6.1%), and soft tissue sarcoma in 5 (rhabdomyosarcoma 1, fibrosarcoma 3, other sarcoma 1). The overall disease-free survival rate was 61.0% (50/82) with a median follow-up duration of 6.8 years for the survivors. The 4 most common types of cancer occurring in infants are the same in the present series and in most larger childhood cancer series reported by other countries; but rank differently. In this study there were more infants with acute leukemia and retinoblastoma, and less with neuroblastoma. The prognosis is poor for infant leukemia and rhabdoid tumor, while it is good for embryonal tumors and germ cell tumors occurring in infancy.
Chao-Ping Yang; Iou-Jih Hung; Tang-Her Jaing; Lee-Yung Shih; Wan-Hui Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric hematology and oncology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0888-0018     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Hematol Oncol     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-19     Completed Date:  2006-01-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700164     Medline TA:  Pediatr Hematol Oncol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  463-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Chang Gung Children's Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Databases, Factual*
Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  mortality*
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate / trends

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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