Document Detail

Cancer and facial disfigurement: reducing survivors' stigma in social interaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22459524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Patients with orbital and periorbital cancer expect to be cured or survive for several years after their malignancy is detected and surgically removed. However, despite advancements in reconstructive surgery, survivors often remain facially disfigured and spend significant portions of their lives dealing with stigma, a mark of social disgrace. Although research remains limited, this article describes a qualitative study of social interaction leading to stigma in individuals with facial disfigurement caused by cancer surgery, as well as the experiences of their family members. In particular, the current study focused on interaction between patients and strangers and acquaintances (secondary groups). In-depth interviews with patients and their family members were conducted and analyzed using Grounded Theory. Three primary patterns of interaction were identified: intrusion, sympathy, and benign neglect. Those patterns refer to conditions that are decreasingly favorable to the creation of stigma, where intrusion and sympathy foster stigma but benign neglect does not. Through that knowledge, oncology nurses will be able to better inform patients and family members on the conditions leading to stigma.
Alessandro Bonanno; Bita Esmaeli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of oncology nursing     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1538-067X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Oncol Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705336     Medline TA:  Clin J Oncol Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-9     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Sociology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX.
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