Document Detail


Canalith repositioning variations for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20723779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if variations in common treatments for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) affected efficacy.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, pseudo-randomized study.
SETTING: Outpatient practice in a tertiary care facility.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 118) with unilateral BPPV of the posterior canal, including 13 patients with BPPV of the lateral canal, were tested at a tertiary care center on one of five interventions: canalith repositioning maneuver (CRP), CRP plus home exercise, modified CRP, CRP for patients with involvement of two semicircular canals, and self-CRP home exercise. Self-CRP was also compared to previously published data on efficacy of the Brandt Daroff exercise. Main outcome measures were vertigo intensity and frequency, presence/absence of Dix-Hallpike responses, Vestibular Disorders Activities of Daily Living Scale (VADL), and computerized dynamic posturography.
RESULTS: Vertigo intensity and frequency and Dix-Hallpike responses decreased significantly, and posturography and VADL improved significantly from pre- to post tests. No other significant changes were found. The groups did not differ significantly. Vertigo intensity and frequency were not strongly related at pretest but were related at post-test. Length of illness and age did not influence the results.
CONCLUSION: However the head is moved, as long as it is moved rapidly enough and through the correct planes in space, repositioning treatments are likely to be effective. Therefore, clinicians have a range of choices in selecting the treatment best suited for each patient's unique needs.
Authors:
Helen S Cohen; Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  143     ISSN:  1097-6817     ISO Abbreviation:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-20     Completed Date:  2010-09-28     Revised Date:  2013-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508176     Medline TA:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Bobby R. Alford Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. hcohen@bcm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Manipulations / methods*
Patient Positioning*
Prospective Studies
Recovery of Function
Self Care*
Semicircular Canals*
Treatment Outcome
Vertigo / physiopathology,  therapy*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DC003602/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC003602-04/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC003602-10/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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