Document Detail


Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position paper: resistance training in children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18461111     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Many position stands and review papers have refuted the myths associated with resistance training (RT) in children and adolescents. With proper training methods, RT for children and adolescents can be relatively safe and improve overall health. The objective of this position paper and review is to highlight research and provide recommendations in aspects of RT that have not been extensively reported in the pediatric literature. In addition to the well-documented increases in muscular strength and endurance, RT has been used to improve function in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis and cerebral palsy, as well as pediatric burn victims. Increases in children's muscular strength have been attributed primarily to neurological adaptations due to the disproportionately higher increase in muscle strength than in muscle size. Although most studies using anthropometric measures have not shown significant muscle hypertrophy in children, more sensitive measures such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound have suggested hypertrophy may occur. There is no minimum age for RT for children. However, the training and instruction must be appropriate for children and adolescents, involving a proper warm-up, cool-down, and appropriate choice of exercises. It is recommended that low- to moderate-intensity resistance exercise should be done 2-3 times/week on non-consecutive days, with 1-2 sets initially, progressing to 4 sets of 8-15 repetitions for 8-12 exercises. These exercises can include more advanced movements such as Olympic-style lifting, plyometrics, and balance training, which can enhance strength, power, co-ordination, and balance. However, specific guidelines for these more advanced techniques need to be established for youth. In conclusion, an RT program that is within a child's or adolescent's capacity and involves gradual progression under qualified instruction and supervision with appropriately sized equipment can involve more advanced or intense RT exercises, which can lead to functional (i.e., muscular strength, endurance, power, balance, and co-ordination) and health benefits.
Authors:
David G Behm; Avery D Faigenbaum; Baraket Falk; Panagiota Klentrou
Publication Detail:
Type:  Guideline; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-07     Completed Date:  2008-11-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  547-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1C5S7, Canada. dbehm@mun.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Canada
Child
Child Welfare*
Exercise*
Humans
Pediatrics / standards*
Physical Education and Training / standards*
Weight Lifting / standards*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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