Document Detail


Can stand-alone computer-based interventions reduce alcohol consumption? A systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21083832     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To determine the effects of computer-based interventions aimed at reducing alcohol consumption in adult populations.
METHODS: The review was undertaken following standard Cochrane and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance for systematic reviews. The literature was searched until December 2008, with no restrictions on language. Randomized trials with parallel comparator groups were identified in the form of published and unpublished data. Two authors independently screened abstracts and papers for inclusion. Data extraction and bias assessment was undertaken by one author and checked by a second author. Studies that measured total alcohol consumption and frequency of binge drinking episodes were eligible for inclusion in meta-analyses. A random-effects model was used to pool mean differences.
RESULTS: Twenty-four studies were included in the review (19 combined in meta-analyses). The meta-analyses suggested that computer-based interventions were more effective than minimally active comparator groups (e.g. assessment-only) at reducing alcohol consumed per week in student and non-student populations. However, most studies used the mean to summarize skewed data, which could be misleading in small samples. A sensitivity analysis of those studies that used suitable measures of central tendency found that there was no difference between intervention and minimally active comparator groups in alcohol consumed per week by students. Few studies investigated non-student populations or compared interventions with active comparator groups.
CONCLUSION: Computer-based interventions may reduce alcohol consumption compared with assessment-only; the conclusion remains tentative because of methodological weaknesses in the studies. Future research should consider that the distribution of alcohol consumption data is likely to be skewed and that appropriate measures of central tendency are reported.
Authors:
Zarnie Khadjesari; Elizabeth Murray; Catherine Hewitt; Suzanne Hartley; Christine Godfrey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1360-0443     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-06     Completed Date:  2011-05-25     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  267-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects,  prevention & control*
Alcoholic Beverages / statistics & numerical data
Bias (Epidemiology)
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Ethanol / poisoning*
Female
Humans
Male
Psychotherapy, Brief / methods
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Research Design
Students / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Therapy, Computer-Assisted*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
G0501298//Medical Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
3K9958V90M/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The course of substance use disorders in patients with borderline personality disorder and Axis II c...
Next Document:  Use of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking reduction and during enforced temporary abstinence: ...