Document Detail

Can psychological factors account for a lack of nocturnal blood pressure dipping?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19067099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: In healthy individuals, blood pressure (BP) decreases, or "dips", during sleep. Ethnicity and high daytime blood pressure level are known markers of nondipping status. The literature on psychological markers of nondipping is scant but suggests that anger/hostility and chronic stress may be contributors to nondipping. PURPOSE: We have investigated this phenomenon in drug-free hypertensives who participated in a clinical trial and supplied extensive demographic, psychological, and biological risk factor data after medication washout prior to any treatment. METHOD: Sixty-two patients were available for analysis (n = 30 nondippers). While most studies focus only on systolic BP nondipping, we explicitly studied both systolic and diastolic BP dipping as outcomes given that both have prognostic value. RESULTS: Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that predictor variables in total accounted for 38% of variance in systolic blood pressure dipping and 44% of variance in diastolic blood pressure dipping. A significant positive predictor was alcohol consumption (beta = 0.37, t = 2.8, p = 0.007) for systolic BP and beta = 0.43, t = 3.7, p = 0.001 for diastolic BP), and an anger diffusion preference was also a positive predictor (beta = 0.42, t = 2.7, p = 0.01) for systolic BP dipping. No measure of trait negative affect reached significance as a predictor for systolic or diastolic BP dipping. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that for a better understanding of the nondipping phenomenon, behavioral risk factors are important, and anger response styles may also be worthy of further study. Furthermore, anger coping preferences may be as important, or even more so, than levels of negative affect.
Wolfgang Linden; Kevin Klassen; Melanie Phillips
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-12-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-17     Completed Date:  2009-02-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, UBC, BC, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Blood Pressure*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
Hypertension / psychology*
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Sleep / physiology*

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