Document Detail

Can nutrition influence circadian rhythm and heart rate variability?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11774858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent studies indicate that there is an interaction between biorhythms, the biological clock and triggers, which may be important in the pathogenesis of altered heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV). Circadian rhythms are under the influence of, and physiological variables are mediated by the activation of the adrenals, sympathetic/parasympathetic, hypothalamic and pituitary activity. Emotional stress, physical exertion, sleep deprivation and large fatty meals are major triggers of myocardial ischemia, angina, infarction, sudden cardiac death (SCD) and stroke. These events have been reported to exhibit a circadian variation with increased frequency in the second quarter of the day, which has also been observed in our studies on Indians. Recent studies indicate that altered HRV and BPV are also important in the pathogenesis and progression of heart failure, atheroma and thrombosis. Mediation via beta-blockers, oestrogens, n-3 fatty acids, vitamin E and coenzyme Q10 and fasting appears to have a beneficial influence whereas progestins, nifedipine, stress and exercise may have an adverse effect on HRV and BPV. We have reported that plasma levels of vitamin E and C are lower in the second quarter of the day than at other times, indicating their role in the pathogenesis of variability and cardiac events. Prospective studies also indicate that HRV and BPV are important and independent risk factors for cardiovascular events. However, no study has yet been conducted in patients with abnormal HRV and BPV in a randomized, placebo-controlled intervention trial to find out whether improvement in variability can cause a significant reduction in cardiovascular events. There is a need to study the role of n-3 fatty acids, coenzyme Q10, the effect of regular physical training, medication and ACE inhibitors in patients with abnormal HRV and BPV to demonstrate that improving variability can modulate cardiovascular events.
R B Singh; A Weydahl; K Otsuka; Y Watanabe; S Yano; H Mori; Y Ichimaru; G Mitsutake; Y Sato; L Fanghong; Z Y Zhao; C Kartik; A Gvozdjakova
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomédecine & pharmacothérapie     Volume:  55 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0753-3322     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomed. Pharmacother.     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-31     Completed Date:  2002-06-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8213295     Medline TA:  Biomed Pharmacother     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115s-124s     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medical Hospital and Research Centre, Moradabad and Subharti Medical College Meerut, India.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality,  physiopathology
Circadian Rhythm / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Life Style
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*

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