Document Detail

Can latissimus dorsi muscle stimulation benefit heart during training period after vascular delay?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11730206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We hypothesized that a two-stage vascular delay procedure followed by 5 weeks of conditioning of the latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) could benefit the heart during the training period and greatly increase cardiac assistance when examined with maximum potential. In mongrel dogs (n = 10), left ventricle (LV) dysfunction was induced by intracoronary injections of latex microspheres [90 +/- 2 micro diameter]. Vascular delay of the LDM was performed in one group (n = 6), whereas the other group (control, n = 4) did not undergo vascular delay. After 2 weeks, CMP was performed in all animals followed by LDM conditioning. After 5 weeks of muscle training, we examined left ventricular function at 20 Hz-4 volts, 33 Hz-4 volts, and 50 Hz-10 volts stimulation by assessing peak aortic pressure (AoP), left ventricular pressure (LVP), maximum LV +dP/dt, stroke volume (SV), stroke work (SW), stroke power (SP), and aortic flow. LDM assisted beats were compared with nonstimulated beats. LDM stimulation caused significant increases in pressure and flow in the vascular delay group. At 20 Hz-4 volts, absolute increases were LVP (10.2 +/- 0.6) mm Hg, AoP (9.8 +/- 1.7) mm Hg, SV (1.8 +/- 0.4) ml, SW (5.3 +/- 1.0) gm x m, SP (40.8 +/- 12.7) gm x m/sec, max LV dP/dt (104.8 +/- 53.2) mm Hg/sec, and peak aortic flow (0.9 +/- 0.3) L/min. At 33 Hz-4 volts, the absolute increases were LVP (13.6 +/- 1.3) mm Hg, AoP (12.1 +/- 2.4) mm Hg, SV (2.7 +/- 0.7) ml, SW (7.4 +/- 1.4) gm x m, SP (72.7 +/- 16.5) gm x m/sec, max LV dP/dt (294 +/- 19) mm Hg/sec, and peak aortic flow (1.8 +/- 0.5) L/min. At 50 Hz-10 volts, the absolute increases were LVP (17.7 +/- 0.7) mm Hg, AoP (21.1 +/- 1.9) mm Hg, SV (6.0 +/- 1.1) ml, SW (14.6 +/- 2.2) gm.m, SP (128.2 +/- 15.3) gm x m/sec, max LV dP/dt (352 +/- 62) mm Hg/sec, and peak aortic flow (3.3 +/- 0.4) l/min (p < 0.05). The percentage increases were significantly larger in the vascular delay group compared with controls at 50 Hz-10 volts LDM stimulation. By using a two-stage vascular delay procedure, LDM stimulation can provide meaningful cardiac assistance during training periods. Furthermore, brief periods of maximal potential benefit (demand cardiomyoplasty) can be achieved during the training period.
A Kashem; W P Santamore; S Hassan; B Chiang; A D Slatert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1058-2916     ISO Abbreviation:  ASAIO J.     Publication Date:    2001 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-03     Completed Date:  2002-05-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204109     Medline TA:  ASAIO J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  655-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyoplasty / methods*
Electric Stimulation
Muscle, Skeletal / blood supply,  physiology*,  surgery*
Stroke Volume
Surgical Flaps / blood supply,  physiology*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology,  surgery*
Ventricular Function, Left
Ventricular Pressure
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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