Document Detail

Can an iron-rich staple food help women to achieve dietary targets in pregnancy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21942813     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Habitual iron intakes during pregnancy are typically lower than dietary guidelines, a risk for iron deficiency. The aim of this study was to determine whether regular consumption of bread naturally rich in iron could help women to achieve dietary targets. Thirty-three primiparous mothers were randomized to eat 3-4 slices of iron-rich or control bread daily for 6 weeks. Two 24-h-prompted (multiple-pass) dietary recalls were completed, and validated algorithms were used to determine the amount of 'available iron' from the diet. Regular consumption of iron-rich bread helped pregnant women to achieve UK dietary recommendations; the quantity of bread consumed by the participants contributed 27% versus 9% UK Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) (14.8 mg/d) in the intervention versus the control group. Levels of total 'available iron' were similar in both groups and correlated positively with total dietary iron (r = 0.78, P = 0.0001), vitamin C (r = 0.43, P = 0.017) and non-haem iron (r = 0.77, P = 0.0001). Findings from this study show that iron-rich staple foods can help women reach dietary targets for iron. This is an area of great potential that could be of particular benefit to low-income/ethnically diverse population groups who have some of the lowest iron intakes. Further research using fortified staple foods containing higher levels of iron is now warranted to establish physiological benefits.
F Bokhari; E J Derbyshire; W Li; C S Brennan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Hollings Faculty, Centre of Food, Nutrition and Health Research, Manchester Metropolitan University , Old Hall Lane, Manchester M14 6HR , UK.
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