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Can emerging biomarkers of myocardial remodelling identify asymptomatic hypertensive patients at risk for diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21719449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: Hypertension is one of the main drivers of the heart failure (HF) epidemic. The aims of this study were to profile fibro-inflammatory biomarkers across stages of the hypertensive heart disease (HHD) spectrum and to examine whether particular biochemical profiles in asymptomatic patients identify a higher risk of evolution to HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a cross-sectional observational study involving a population of 275 stable hypertensive patients divided into two different cohorts: Group 1, asymptomatic hypertension (AH) (n= 94); Group 2, HF with preserved ejection fraction  (n= 181). Asymptomatic hypertension patients were further subdivided according to left atrial volume index ≥34 mL/m(2) (n= 30) and <34 mL/m(2) (n= 64). Study assays involved inflammatory markers [interleukin 6 (IL6), interleukin 8 (IL8), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1), and tumour necrosis factor α], collagen 1 and 3 metabolic markers [carboxy-terminal propeptide of collagen 1, amino-terminal propeptide of collagen 1, amino-terminal propeptide of collagen 3 (PIIINP), and carboxy-terminal telopeptide of collagen 1 (CITP)], extra-cellular matrix turnover markers [matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1)], and the brain natriuretic peptide. Data were adjusted for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, and creatinine. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction  was associated with an increased inflammatory signal (IL6, IL8, and MCP1), an increased fibrotic signal (PIIINP and CITP), and an increased matrix turnover signal (MMP2 and MMP9). Alterations in MMP and TIMP enzymes were found to be significant indicators of greater degrees of asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: These data define varying fibro-inflammatory profiles throughout different stages of HHD. In particular, the observations on MMP9 and TIMP1 raise the possibility of earlier detection of those at risk of evolution to HF which may help focus effective preventative strategies.
Patrick Collier; Chris J Watson; Victor Voon; Dermot Phelan; Aftab Jan; George Mak; Ramon Martos; John A Baugh; Mark T Ledwidge; Kenneth M McDonald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of heart failure     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887595     Medline TA:  Eur J Heart Fail     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
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