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Can the delivery method infl uence lower urinary tract symptoms triggered by the first pregnancy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22555033     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction and Objectives: The increase of the intensity of urinary symptoms in late pregnancy and postpartum has been well documented by several authors, but their causes remain uncertain, partly because of its probable multifactor origin. There are also controversies whether the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms during pregnancy is the same as postpartum and whether the method of delivery could influence the risk of onset of urinary symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate the urinary symptoms triggered during pregnancy and its evolution in the late puerperium, correlating them with the delivery method. Materials and Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted, which included 75 primigravidae women, classified according to method of delivery as: (VD) vaginal delivery with right mediolateral episiotomy (n = 28); (CS) elective caesarean section (n = 26); and (EC) emergency caesarean section (n = 21). Urinary symptoms were assessed in the last trimester of pregnancy and at 45 days (± 10) of puerperium with validated versions for Portuguese language of the following questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB). Results: It was observed that frequency, urgency, nocturia and urge incontinence, triggered during pregnancy, decreased significantly in the postpartum period, regardless of the delivery method (p = 0.0001). However, symptoms related to urinary loss due to stress persisted after vaginal delivery (p = 0.0001). Conclusions: Urgency, frequency and nocturia triggered during pregnancy tend to disappear in the late postpartum period, regardless of the delivery method, but the symptoms related to urinary loss due to stress tend to persist in late postpartum period after vaginal delivery.
Authors:
Simone Botelho; Joseane Marques da Silva; Paulo Palma; Viviane Herrmann; Cassio Riccetto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1677-6119     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Braz J Urol     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101158091     Medline TA:  Int Braz J Urol     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  267-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Federal University of Alfenas - UNIFAL, Alfenas, MG and State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
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