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Can We Still Learn Something From the Relationship Between Fertility and Mother's Employment? Evidence From Developing Countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22259030     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this work, I study the impact of fertility on mothers' employment for a sample of developing countries. Using the event of multiple births as an instrumental variable (IV) for fertility, I find that having children has a negative impact on female employment. In addition, three types of heterogeneity are found. First, the magnitude of the impact depends on the birth at which the increase in fertility takes place. Second, the types of jobs affected by a fertility shock (multiple births) are jobs identified with a higher degree of informality, such as self-employment or unpaid jobs. Finally, the heterogeneity analysis reveals that an unexpected change in fertility is stronger at a higher education level of the mother and in urban areas.
Authors:
Julio Cáceres-Delpiano
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Demography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0070-3370     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226703     Medline TA:  Demography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Calle Madrid 126, Getafe, 28903, Madrid, Spain, jcaceres@eco.uc3m.es.
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