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I Can Do That: The Impact of Implicit Theories on Leadership Role Model Effectiveness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22143305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This research investigates the role of implicit theories in influencing the effectiveness of successful role models in the leadership domain. Across two studies, the authors test the prediction that incremental theorists ("leaders are made") compared to entity theorists ("leaders are born") will respond more positively to being presented with a role model before undertaking a leadership task. In Study 1, measuring people's naturally occurring implicit theories of leadership, the authors showed that after being primed with a role model, incremental theorists reported greater leadership confidence and less anxious-depressed affect than entity theorists following the leadership task. In Study 2, the authors demonstrated the causal role of implicit theories by manipulating participants' theory of leadership ability. They replicated the findings from Study 1 and demonstrated that identification with the role model mediated the relationship between implicit theories and both confidence and affect. In addition, incremental theorists outperformed entity theorists on the leadership task.
Authors:
Crystal L Hoyt; Jeni L Burnette; Audrey N Innella
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality & social psychology bulletin     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-7433     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809042     Medline TA:  Pers Soc Psychol Bull     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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