Document Detail


Caloric requirements of patients with burns under one year of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8454656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Formulas for estimating the caloric requirements of pediatric patients with burns have been suggested. However, the needs of infant patients with burns have not been specifically addressed. This study was undertaken to determine the caloric intake required to maintain weight in patients under 1 year of age who had burns covering more than 25% total body surface area. Thirty patients were studied, and a comparison was made between the actual intake required for weight maintenance and the suggested calorie levels provided by published pediatric caloric formulas. The results indicated that a new formula was needed. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that body surface area and burn surface area were significant predictors of caloric requirements, but body surface area was the more important predictor in this infant population. The equation resulting from the regression provides 2100 kcal/m2 body surface area/day plus 1000 kcal/m2 body surface area burned/day.
Authors:
M A Hildreth; D N Herndon; M H Desai; L D Broemeling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of burn care & rehabilitation     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0273-8481     ISO Abbreviation:  J Burn Care Rehabil     Publication Date:    1993 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-19     Completed Date:  1993-04-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110188     Medline TA:  J Burn Care Rehabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  108-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Shriners Burns Institute, Galveston, TX 77550.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Body Temperature
Body Weight
Burns / metabolism*,  therapy
Energy Metabolism
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Length of Stay
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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