Document Detail

Caloric intake and weight gain in a neonatal intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19437038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this paper was to study the weight gain in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants by adopting earlier and higher intake of proteins and earlier intake of lipids. We studied 28 VLBW infants admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit during the year 2004 (group 1) and 18 during the first semester of 2006 (group 2). Dietary intakes for group 1 were: 1 g kg(-1) day(-1) of proteins started at postnatal day 2 (P2) and 0.5-1 g kg(-1) day(-1) of lipids at P3; for group 2, 1-1.5 g kg(-1) day(-1) of proteins and 0.5-1 g kg(-1) day(-1) of lipids, both started at P1. Caloric intake was significantly higher in group 2 (p < 0.05), whereas cumulative nutritional deficit was higher in group 1 (p < or = 0.01). Weight z scores were significantly lower at discharge comparing with z scores at birth for each group (p < or = 0.01), with no differences between the two groups. Despite a higher protein intake which resulted in a lower nutritional deficit, the weight z score did not improve significantly at discharge.
Patr?cia Janeiro; Manuel Cunha; Ant?nio Marques; Marta Moura; Rosalina Barroso; Helena Carreiro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pediatrics     Volume:  169     ISSN:  1432-1076     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-12     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603873     Medline TA:  Eur J Pediatr     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-105     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Department of Paediatrics, Hospital Fernando Fonseca, IC 19. 2720-276 Amadora, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Dietary Proteins
Energy Intake / physiology*
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / physiology*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*
Length of Stay
Retrospective Studies
Weight Gain / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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