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Calf thymus DNA-stabilized polythiophene fluorescence probe for label-free detection of spermine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23050262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
It is a challenge to detect molecules lacking a chromophore, such as polyamines, by optical methods since they are insensitive to light. In order to detect the optical signals, it is compulsory to derive these molecules with optical labels, which, however, is complicated, time-consuming and may be expensive. In this work, a highly specific strategy for spermine detection is developed on the basis of the iodide-induced conformational change of polythiophene. By using the triplex complex of negatively charged double-stranded calf thymus DNA (ctDNA)-stabilized cationic polythiophene as a fluorescent probe, the highly specific detection of spermine could be realized since polythiophene, which will be released from the triplex complex owing to the condensation and aggregation of ctDNA with spermine, undergoes a conformational change from the random-coiled non-planar state to the highly conjugated planar form in the presence of iodide, resulting in a yellow-to-red color conversion and fluorescence quenching. The quenched fluorescence was found to be proportional to the spermine concentrations in the range of 1.2-50 μM with the limit of detection (LOD) being 0.5 μM (3σ/k).
Jian Wang; Qing Zhang; Zhong De Liu; Cheng Zhi Huang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Analyst     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1364-5528     ISO Abbreviation:  Analyst     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372652     Medline TA:  Analyst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Education Ministry Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time Analysis, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.
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