Document Detail

Calculation of mitral regurgitant orifice area with use of a simplified proximal convergence method: initial clinical application.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11241013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To validate a previously proposed simplified proximal flow convergence method for calculating mitral regurgitant orifice area (ROA), a prospective study was conducted in ambulatory patients and in patients undergoing open heart surgery. Assuming a pressure difference between the left ventricle and left atrium of approximately 100 mm Hg (jet velocity [v(p)] 500 cm/s) and setting the color aliasing velocity (v(a)) to 40 cm/s, we simplified the conventional proximal convergence method formula (ROA = 2pi(r2)v(a)/v(p)) to r2/2, where r is the radius of the proximal convergence isovelocity hemisphere. For 57 ambulatory patients with a wide range of mitral regurgitant severity (1 to 4+), ROA was calculated by the conventional (x) and simplified (y) methods, demonstrating excellent accuracy (r = 0.92; P <.001; DeltaROA [y - x] = 0.004 +/- 0.08 cm2). For 24 intraoperative patients, ROA calculated by the simplified formula (y) correlated well with the pulsed Doppler-thermodilution method (x) (r = 0.84; P <.01; DeltaROA [y - x] = -0.002 +/- 0.08cm2). This simplified proximal convergence formula yields an accurate assessment of ROA for a wide range of regurgitant severity, while the time required for this measurement is shortened by half (1.5 +/- 0.5 minutes versus 3.2 +/- 0.7 minutes). This may increase the frequency of calculating ROA in the clinical laboratory.
M Pu; D L Prior; X Fan; C R Asher; C Vasquez; B P Griffin; J D Thomas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0894-7317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-12     Completed Date:  2001-05-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  180-5     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Department of Cardiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195-5064, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Echocardiography, Doppler / methods*
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  surgery,  ultrasonography*
Models, Cardiovascular
Models, Structural
Prospective Studies

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