Document Detail

Calcium intake and its relationship with risk of overweight and obesity in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19480339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Adolescents' eating habits are determined by social, psychological, economic, political, and educational influences. They tend to prefer foods with inadequate nutritional value and high fat and carbohydrate content which leads to excessive weight gain and for many, calcium intake is restricted. According to some authors, low calcium intake is linked to increased adiposity. The objective was to evaluate adolescent calcium intake and investigate a possible relationship between calcium intake and nutritional state. As part of their first consultation at Botucatu Adolescent Outpatient Clinic-UNESP, 107 adolescents were nutritionally classified by BMI, according to age, gender, and bands proposed by CDC and AAP. Diet was evaluated by a 3 day 24h food recall, adopting 1300 mg/day calcium intake as recommended by Dietary Reference Intakes. Median calcium intake for the whole sample was 546.6 mg/day, with 91.30% female and 86.84% male presenting lower than adequate daily recommended ingestion levels (DRI). There was significant difference between calcium densities (Ca mg/1000 kcal) in eutrophic and overweight/obesity in males. Male adolescents showed an inverse relationship between calcium intake and adiposity (r = -0.488 and p = 0.0173), which corroborates the hypothesis that low calcium intake is linked to fatty tissue gain. Only 8.70% of female and 13.16% of male adolescents reached their daily recommended calcium intake levels. It must therefore be stressed that nutritional education is an important protection factor for children and adolescents in later life.
Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg; Carla Cristiane da Silva; Luciana Natal Lopes Peres; Marina Nogueira Berbel; Máircia Braz Heigasi; Josy Maria Cabral Ribeiro; Karina Suzuki; Liene Mílcia Aparecida Josué; José Carlos Dalmas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archivos latinoamericanos de nutrición     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0004-0622     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Latinoam Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-01     Completed Date:  2009-11-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0067507     Medline TA:  Arch Latinoam Nutr     Country:  Venezuela    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Bone Density / physiology*
Brazil / epidemiology
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Nutritional Status / physiology*
Obesity / epidemiology*
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Social Class
Statistics, Nonparametric
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary

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