Document Detail

Calcium carbide poisoning via food in childhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17307629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The fast ripening of fruits means they may contain various harmful properties. A commonly used agent in the ripening process is calcium carbide, a material most commonly used for welding purposes. Calcium carbide treatment of food is extremely hazardous because it contains traces of arsenic and phosphorous. Once dissolved in water, the carbide produces acetylene gas. Acetylene gas may affect the neurological system by inducing prolonged hypoxia. The findings are headache, dizziness, mood disturbances, sleepiness, mental confusion, memory loss, cerebral edema and seizures. We report the case of a previously healthy 5 year-old girl with no chronic disease history who was transferred to our Emergency Department with an 8-h history of coma and delirium. A careful history from her father revealed that the patient ate unripe dates treated with calcium carbide.
Hüseyin Per; Selim Kurtoğlu; Fatih Yağmur; Hakan Gümüş; Sefer Kumandaş; M Hakan Poyrazoğlu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2007-01-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-19     Completed Date:  2007-05-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Kayseri, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylene / analogs & derivatives*,  poisoning
Child, Preschool
Coma / chemically induced
Delirium / chemically induced
Food Contamination*
Food Preservation*
Fruit / chemistry
Seizures / chemically induced*,  therapy
Reg. No./Substance:
74-86-2/Acetylene; 75-20-7/calcium carbide

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