Document Detail


Calcitonin gene-related peptide does not mediate the abnormal vascular reactivity observed in a rat model of acute Pseudomonas pneumonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8761859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abnormal systemic and pulmonary vascular reactivity has been demonstrated in numerous models of sepsis and pneumonia. Furthermore, the attenuated hypoxic pulmonary pressor response observed in these animals probably is responsible for the ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) mismatching and consequent arterial hypoxemia. We hypothesized that excess release of endogenous vasodilators such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in pneumonia was responsible for the diminished hypoxic pressor response. Using the CGRP receptor antagonist CGRP (8-37), we examined the role of CGRP in the attenuated hypoxic pulmonary response in a rat model of acute Pseudomonas pneumonia. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats were instrumented for chronic hemodynamic monitoring and subsequently randomized to either Pneumonia (n = 8), induced by the instillation of 0.2 ml broth containing 2 x 10(8) colony-forming units (CFU)/ml Pseudomonas aeruginosa into the right lower lobe, or Sham (n = 8) procedure. Hemodynamic measurements and the hypoxic (FiO2 = 0.08) pulmonary pressor response were recorded at baseline, 48 h after the pneumonia or sham procedure and after the administration of 250 micrograms CGRP (8-37) (post-CGRP(8-37)). The regional distribution of pulmonary blood flow was determined by the injection of radioactive microspheres. Forty-eight hours after the instillation of Pseudomonas, Pneumonia animals had significantly increased cardiac output (CO) as compared with Sham (193 +/- 7 vs. 154 +/- 7 ml/min, p < 0.05), slightly decreased mean arterial pressure (MAP 109 +/- 4 vs. 118 +/- 3 mm Hg, p = NS), and reduced total systemic vascular resistance (TSVR 0.57 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.78 +/- 0.05 mm Hg.min.ml-1, p < 0.05). Pneumonia animals were further characterized by increased mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) as compared with Sham (24 +/- 2 vs. 20 +/- 1 mm Hg, p < 0.05) animals, and an increased alveolar-arterial (A-a) oxygen gradient (31 +/- 3 vs. 20 +/- 4 mm Hg, p < 0.05). The administration of CGRP (8-37) did not alter baseline hemodynamic variables and did not change the pressor response to hypoxia in either group. Furthermore, CGRP receptor blockade did not alter the distribution of blood flow in the lung during normoxia or hypoxia. These data suggest that although this model of acute pneumonia is characterized by an attenuated hypoxic pressor response, the mechanism does not appear to be mediated by excess release of the vasodilator CGRP.
Authors:
G A Fox; N A Paterson; D G McCormack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-21     Completed Date:  1996-11-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  901-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
A. C. Burton Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Victoria Hospital, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anoxia / physiopathology
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide / pharmacology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Lung / blood supply*,  drug effects
Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
Phenylephrine / pharmacology
Pneumonia, Bacterial / physiopathology*
Pseudomonas aeruginosa*
Rats
Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Peptide Fragments; 0/Vasoconstrictor Agents; 119911-68-1/calcitonin gene-related peptide (8-37); 59-42-7/Phenylephrine; 83652-28-2/Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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