Document Detail


Calcite saturation in the River Dee, NE Scotland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11846077     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The spatial and temporal variations in calcite (calcium carbonate) solubility within the Dee basin of NE Scotland were assessed using water chemistry data gathered from a network of 59 sites monitored for water quality from June 1996 to May 1997. Calcite solubility, expressed in terms of a saturation index (SIcalcite), was determined from measured streamwater pH, Gran alkalinity and calcium concentrations and water temperature. In general, the waters of the Dee system are undersaturated with respect to calcite, though the saturation index is higher during the summer months indicating a dependency on flow conditions and biological activity. Under low-flow conditions, the streamwaters are dominated by water derived from the lower soil horizons and deeper groundwater stores and therefore, ions such as Gran alkalinity and calcium are at their highest concentrations as they are derived mainly from bedrock weathering. The influence of biological activity on the carbonate system is also evident as the observed pH and estimated EpCO2 values indicate strong seasonal patterns, with the highest pH and lowest EpCO2 values occurring during the summer low-flow periods. Only at three sites in the lowland region of the catchment, during the summer low-flow period, are the waters oversaturated. As such, the Dee system represents an extreme 'end-member' case when compared to many UK rivers that span both under- and oversaturated conditions during the year. Regression analysis highlights a systematic change in the SIcalcite-pH relationship in a broad east-west direction across the Dee system. At sites draining the relatively impermeable upland areas, the regression of SIcalcite against pH gives a straight line with a gradient in the range 1.6-2.4. Correspondingly, under the most extreme alkaline conditions found at sites draining lowland agricultural areas, a straight-line relationship exists but with a gradient of unity. It is concluded that these changes in the SIcalcite-pH relationship are due to variations in the bicarbonate system induced by the flow conditions and biological activity. Given the waters are undersaturated, then calcite precipitation and hence phosphorus co-precipitation cannot occur within the water column.
Authors:
A J Wade; C Neal; R P Smart; A C Edwards
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  282-283     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-15     Completed Date:  2002-03-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Aquatic Environments Research Centre, Department of Geography, University of Reading, UK. a.j.wade@reading.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Calcium Carbonate / analysis*,  chemistry
Geological Phenomena
Geology
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Oxygen / metabolism
Phosphorus / analysis
Scotland
Seasons
Solubility
Temperature
Water / chemistry
Water Microbiology*
Water Movements
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
471-34-1/Calcium Carbonate; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus; 7732-18-5/Water; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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