Document Detail

Calciphylaxis: A Report of Six Cases and Review of Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Calciphylaxis is usually a fatal condition that develops in a few chronic renal failure patients, and it is characterized by calcifications in subcutaneous arteries, infarcts in skin, and the neighboring subcutis. Calciphylaxis, once considered as a rare condition, has been reported to have an annual incidence of 1% and a prevalence of 4% in dialysis patients. We describe our clinical experience in six end-stage renal disease patients on dialysis that presented with calciphylaxis and died due to sepsis, and review the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical and histopathologic features, and treatment of calciphylaxis. Physicians should initially consider the possibility of calciphylaxis in case of development of skin lesions in chronic renal failure patients with impaired calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone levels. The most important cause of mortality in this condition is infection. Therefore, differential diagnosis of these lesions from systemic vasculitis in their early stages and withdrawal of immunosuppressive therapy that increases the tendency to infections are essential.
Ayse Serap Yalin; Mehmet Riza Altiparmak; Sinan Trabulus; Serkan Feyyaz Yalin; Gulsah Yenidunya Yalin; Melike Melikoglu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Renal failure     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6049     ISO Abbreviation:  Ren Fail     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701128     Medline TA:  Ren Fail     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University , Istanbul , Turkey.
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