Document Detail

Caffeoylquinic acids and flavonoids in the immature inflorescence of globe artichoke, wild cardoon, and cultivated cardoon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20028012     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The species Cynara cardunculus is consumed as part of the Mediterranean diet and consists of the globe artichoke [var. scolymus (L.) Fiori], the cultivated cardoon (var. altilis DC.), and the wild cardoon [var. sylvestris (Lamk) Fiori]. The objective of this study was to investigate, in immature inflorescences, the main flavonoids and phenolic acids (caffeoylquinic acids, apigenin, and luteolin derivatives) by HPLC/diode array detection/mass spectrometry. Apigenin derivatives represented the major class in all samples investigated, highest in cardoon forms. Caffeoylquinic acids and luteolin derivatives were observed in var. scolymus only. Data allowed discrimination of globe artichoke from the related species on the basis of the profile of compounds analyzed. Our results suggest the possible use of cultivated and wild cardoon as a source of phenolic acids and flavonoids and indicate that artichoke consumption is an excellent dietary source of apigenin and other flavones.
Gaetano Pandino; Fraser L Courts; Sara Lombardo; Giovanni Mauromicale; Gary Williamson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-20     Completed Date:  2010-03-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1026-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento di Scienze Agronomiche, Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali, Sezione Scienze Agronomiche, Universit? degli Studi di Catania, via Valdisavoia 5, 95123 Catania, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Cynara / chemistry*
Cynara scolymus / chemistry*
Flavonoids / analysis*
Hydroxybenzoic Acids / analysis*
Plant Extracts / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Flavonoids; 0/Hydroxybenzoic Acids; 0/Plant Extracts; 29656-58-4/phenolic acid

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