Document Detail


Caffeine (1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine) in foods: a comprehensive review on consumption, functionality, safety, and regulatory matters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20492310     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Caffeine ranks as one of the top most commonly consumed dietary ingredients throughout the world. It is naturally found in coffee beans, cacao beans, kola nuts, guarana berries, and tea leaves including yerba mate. The total daily intake, as well as the major source of caffeine varies globally; however, coffee and tea are the 2 most prominent sources. Soft drinks are also a common source of caffeine as well as energy drinks, a category of functional beverages. Moderate caffeine consumption is considered safe and its use as a food ingredient has been approved, within certain limits, by numerous regulatory agencies around the world. Performance benefits attributed to caffeine include physical endurance, reduction of fatigue, and enhancing mental alertness and concentration. Caffeine has also been recently linked to weight loss and consequent reduction of the overall risks for developing the metabolic syndrome. However, the caloric contribution of caffeine-sweetened beverages needs to be considered in the overall energy balance. Despite all these benefits the potential negative effects of excessive caffeine intake should also be considered, particularly in children and pregnant women.
Authors:
Melanie A Heckman; Jorge Weil; Elvira Gonzalez de Mejia
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food science     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1750-3841     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-24     Completed Date:  2010-10-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014052     Medline TA:  J Food Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R77-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Beverages / analysis
Caffeine* / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  metabolism,  standards
Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
Food Analysis*
Humans
Internationality / legislation & jurisprudence
Obesity / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
58-08-2/Caffeine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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