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Ca(2+)-Imaging Techniques to Analyze Ca(2+) Signaling in Cells and to Monitor Neuronal Activity in the Retina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23150377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ca(2+) is an important regulator of many cell functions including proliferation, apoptosis, movements, secretion, contraction, excitation, and differentiation. The regulation of these different cell functions is encoded by the specific temporal and spatial distribution of Ca(2+) signals. In degenerative diseases mutations can lead to changes in cell functions in the worst case to apoptosis. Thus analysis of signals arising as changes in intracellular free Ca(2+) represent an important step towards the understanding of mutation-dependent or environmental impact into cell function. The classic approach to study changes in intracellular free Ca(2+) is the measurement of intracellular Ca(2+) by using Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescence dyes in conjunction with fluorescence microscopy as a method called Ca(2+) imaging.In this chapter the basic method and a short theoretical background will be provided to perform Ca(2+)-imaging experiments. As a model cultured retinal pigment epithelial cells will be used. The basic steps of the method are the loading of the cells with the fluorescence dye by incubation with a membrane permeable ester of the dye. The next step would be the application of an agonist which can be further analyzed by blockers of enzymes or by manipulating the different Ca(2+)-storing compartments which contribute to changes in intracellular free Ca(2+). At the end of an experiment an on-cell type of calibration will be performed to calculate the underlying concentration of intracellular free Ca(2+). Furthermore, the successful calibration of an experiment can be used as a measure of a reliable experiment. In addition to that, three examples for basic experiments will be given which can lead to a first insight into the mechanism underlying changes in cytosolic free Ca(2+)as a second messenger.
Authors:
Olaf Strauß
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  935     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  297-308     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Experimental Ophthalmology, Eye Hospital, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, strauss@eye-regensburg.de.
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