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CYP19 gene variants affect the assisted reproduction outcome of women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23461365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: Cytochrome P450 aromatase catalyzes the irreversible transformation of androgens into estrogens. The association of CYP19(TTTA)n polymorphism with the hormonal profile and the assisted reproduction outcome of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was explored. Methods: One hundred and thirty-two women with PCOS and 200 with male-factor infertility, as controls, participated in the current study. The CYP19(TTTA)n polymorphism was genotyped, while the hormonal profile was determined at the third day of the menstrual cycle. During oocyte retrieval, the follicular size, the follicle and oocyte numbers were recorded. Results: Genotype analysis revealed 6 CYP19(TTTA)n alleles with 7-12 repeats. In PCOS women, the CYP19(TTTA)7 allele presence was associated with lower serum E2 levels at the third day of the menstrual cycle (p < 0.009), lower large follicle (p < 0.02) and total oocyte numbers (p = 0.006), but with significantly higher pregnancy rates after assisted reproduction (p < 0.004). Conclusions: Potential associations of the CYP19(TTTA)7 allele with ovarian response to standard gonadotrophin stimulation and with assisted reproduction outcome were found in PCOS women, probably due to androgen/estrogen ratio alterations.
Authors:
Leandros Lazaros; Nectaria Xita; Elissavet Hatzi; Atsushi Takenaka; Apostolos Kaponis; Georgios Makrydimas; Nikolaos Sofikitis; Theodoros Stefos; Konstantinos Zikopoulos; Ioannis Georgiou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0766     ISO Abbreviation:  Gynecol. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807913     Medline TA:  Gynecol Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology .
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