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CYP-eicosanoids-A new link between omega-3 fatty acids and cardiac disease?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21945326     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) protect against arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death by largely unknown mechanisms. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that arachidonic acid (AA) metabolizing cytochrome P450-(CYP) enzymes accept EPA and DHA as efficient alternative substrates. Dietary EPA/DHA supplementation causes a profound shift of the cardiac CYP-eicosanoid profile from AA- to EPA- and DHA-derived epoxy- and hydroxy-metabolites. CYP2J2 and other CYP epoxygenases preferentially epoxidize the ω-3 double bond of EPA and DHA. The corresponding metabolites, 17,18-epoxy-EPA and 19,20-epoxy-DHA, dominate the CYP-eicosanoid profile of the rat heart after EPA/DHA supplementation. The (ω-3)-epoxyeicosanoids show highly potent antiarrhythmic properties in neonatal cardiomyocytes, suggesting that these metabolites may specifically contribute to the cardioprotective effects of omega-3 fatty acids. This hypothesis is discussed in the context of recent findings that revealed CYP-eicosanoid mediated mechanisms in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury and maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy.
Authors:
Christina Westphal; Anne Konkel; Wolf-Hagen Schunck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  -     Date:  2011-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-8823     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808648     Medline TA:  Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Robert-Rössle-Str. 10, 13125 Berlin, Germany.
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