Document Detail


CT of posterior mediastinal masses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1749849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article presents an algorithmic approach to the evaluation of posterior mediastinal masses seen with computed tomography (CT). CT remains the study of choice, since it not only can be used to help confirm the presence of these masses, but it also helps define the (a) location and extent of the lesion, (b) adjacent organ involvement, or (c) vascular involvement. Causes of posterior mediastinal masses include esophageal lesions, congenital or acquired vascular lesions, foregut cysts, intrathoracic goiters, mediastinal pseudocysts, fat-containing tumors, adenopathy, neurogenic tumors, infectious spondylitis, and vertebral tumors. From the CT appearance of the lesion, one can often distinguish among the various masses and identify their origin and cause. This information enables patient triage and therapy to be expedited and, in most cases of posterior mediastinal masses, allows a correct diagnosis to be made solely on the basis of the CT examination.
Authors:
A Kawashima; E K Fishman; J E Kuhlman; M S Nixon
Related Documents :
25142539 - Malignant lymphoma in a perineural spreading along trigeminal nerve, which developed as...
23405019 - Cluster-like headache and a cystic hypothalamic tumour as first presentation of sarcoid...
24292009 - Early loss of oligodendrocytes in human and experimental neuromyelitis optica lesions.
24059709 - Spinal arachnoid cyst as an infrequent cause of spinal cord compression.
24535799 - A rare case of chordoma and craniopharyngioma treated by an endoscopic endonasal, trans...
14595739 - Testicular hamartomas in cowden disease.
19017049 - Case of dystrophic calcinosis cutis in epidermal cyst arising from verrucous epidermal ...
17714559 - A retrospective study addressed to understanding what predicts severe histological dysp...
14694379 - Laparoscopic decapsulation of congenital splenic cysts: a step forward in splenic prese...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0271-5333     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiographics     Publication Date:  1991 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-01-23     Completed Date:  1992-01-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302501     Medline TA:  Radiographics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1045-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21205.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Vessels / abnormalities
Esophageal Diseases / radiography
Goiter, Substernal / radiography
Humans
Lymphatic Diseases / radiography
Mediastinal Diseases / radiography*
Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiography
Mediastinum / radiography
Pancreatic Pseudocyst / radiography
Spinal Diseases / radiography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed* / methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Role of angiography in limb-tumor surgery.
Next Document:  Developmental lymphatic disorders of the thorax.