Document Detail

CT imaging of pulmonary lobar interstitial emphysema in a spontaneous breathing preterm infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12357418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a well-recognized severe complication of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). However, its occurrence under spontaneous breathing conditions has been described rarely. We present a case of PIE of the left upper lung lobe in an extremely low birth weight infant. Recurrent episodes of spontaneous pneumothorax led to the diagnosis, which was confirmed by histopathology. Plain chest X-ray did not show typical signs of PIE, whereas extra-alveolar air accumulation could be visualized by helical computed tomography (CT)-scan. We stress the role of predispositional factors increasing the risk of PIE development in spontaneous breathing preterm infants.
J Dembinski; A Heep; N Kau; G Knöpfle; P Bartmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of perinatology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0735-1631     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-01     Completed Date:  2002-12-13     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405212     Medline TA:  Am J Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology, Center of Pediatrics, University of Bonn, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis*,  radiography
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
Lung Diseases, Interstitial / complications,  diagnosis*,  radiography
Pneumothorax / etiology*
Pulmonary Emphysema / complications,  diagnosis*,  radiography
Risk Factors
Tomography, Spiral Computed*

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