Document Detail

CT and MRI findings of human herpesvirus 6-associated encephalopathy: comparison with findings of herpes simplex virus encephalitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20173155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: It is important to differentiate human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6)-associated encephalopathy from herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Although these conditions are similar with regard to involvement of the mesial temporal lobe, HSE is sensitive to acyclovir but HHV-6 encephalopathy is not. We compared the imaging findings of the two conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We encountered eight cases of HHV-6 encephalopathy and nine cases of HSE. We divided an observation time into early, middle, and late periods defined as 0-2, 3-30, and more than 30 days from the onset of neurologic symptoms. Differences between HHV-6 encephalopathy and HSE on CT scans in the early period and in distribution and temporal changes in the affected regions on MR images in the three periods were analyzed. RESULTS: At MRI in the early and middle periods, all eight patients with HHV-6 encephalopathy had exclusive involvement of the mesial temporal lobes, and all nine patients with HSE had involvement of both the mesial temporal lobes and the extratemporal regions (p < 0.01). Among patients who underwent head MRI, six of six with HHV-6 encephalopathy but none of six with HSE had resolution of high signal intensity on T2-weighted and FLAIR images (p < 0.01). Among patients who underwent head CT in the early period, none of the four with HHV-6 encephalopathy and six of the seven with HSE had abnormal findings, including parenchymal swelling, decreased attenuation of affected regions, and abnormal gyral enhancement (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Serial MRI showed transient abnormal signal intensity in the mesial temporal lobes in patients with HHV-6 encephalopathy but persistent abnormal signal intensity in both the mesial temporal lobes and the extratemporal regions in patients with HSE. CT in the early period showed no abnormality in patients with HHV-6 encephalopathy but definite abnormal findings in patients with HSE. These differences may be useful in the differential diagnosis of the two conditions.
Tomoyuki Noguchi; Takashi Yoshiura; Akio Hiwatashi; Osamu Togao; Koji Yamashita; Eiki Nagao; Akira Uchino; Kanehiro Hasuo; Kazushige Atsumi; Takashi Matsuura; Toshiro Kuroiwa; Futoshi Mihara; Hiroshi Honda; Sho Kudo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  194     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-22     Completed Date:  2010-03-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  754-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Contrast Media
Diagnosis, Differential
Encephalitis / diagnosis*,  virology*
Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex / diagnosis*
Gadolinium DTPA / diagnostic use
Herpesvirus 6, Human*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Middle Aged
Roseolovirus Infections / diagnosis*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media; 80529-93-7/Gadolinium DTPA

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