Document Detail

CPAP of 4 cm H(2)O Has No Short-Term Benefit at Term in Infants with BPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22922725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Lung development and function is compromised at term in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), characterized by reduced functional residual capacity (FRC) and impaired gas-mixing efficiency in distal airways. Objective: To determine whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves FRC, ventilation, distal airway function, and gas exchange in spontaneously breathing infants with BPD. Design/Methods: Twenty-one infants with BPD (median birth weight 0.72 kg (range 0.50-1.27) and median gestational age 26 weeks (range 23-28)) were studied before and after CPAP of 4 cm H(2)O was applied by a facemask system. A multiple-breath nitrogen washout method was used to assess FRC, ventilation, and gas-mixing efficiency. Moment analysis and lung clearance index was calculated from the nitrogen-decay curve for assessment of gas-mixing efficiency. Transcutaneous (Tc) PO(2)/PCO(2) was monitored during stable infant conditions before each washout test. Results: When CPAP was raised from 0 to 4 cm H(2)O, FRC increased significantly together with a significant increase in moment ratios (M(1)/M(0) and M(2)/M(0)). Tc PO(2) decreased significantly and the breathing pattern changed, with significantly reduced respiratory rate, minute ventilation, and alveolar ventilation. There was also an increase in tidal volume and dead space. Conclusions: CPAP of 4 cm H(2)O applied with a facemask at term to infants with BPD did not improve ventilation, gas-mixing efficiency in distal airways, or oxygenation despite an increase in FRC. We speculate that instead of promoting recruitment of unventilated lung volumes, increasing the end-expiratory pressure in infants with BPD may lead to an overexpansion of already ventilated parts of the lung, causing further compromise of lung function.
Kenneth L Sandberg; Ola Hjalmarson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1661-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatology     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101286577     Medline TA:  Neonatology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  282-286     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Paediatrics, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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