Document Detail


CO(2) laser of oral dysplasia: clinicopathological features of recurrence and malignant transformation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21494890     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The use of the CO(2) laser in the management of oral dysplastic lesions has become a more common practice. Very few studies have evaluated recurrence, residual disease malignant transformation, and overall outcome in patients undergoing such a procedure. In this prospective study, a total of 123 oral dysplastic lesions from 77 consecutive patients were treated with the CO(2) laser (resection and/or ablation). The average age was 58 ± 4.8 years. The patients' recovery was uneventful and no complications were reported. Comparisons with the clinical and histopathological features and rate of recurrence as well as malignant transformation were made. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 6.4 years, and biopsies taken in case of changes suggestive of malignant development. Homogenous leukoplakias were identified in 31 patients, non-homogenous leukoplakias in 34 patients, whereas 12 patients had erythroplakias. Ex- and life-long smokers formed 88.3% of the recruited patients. While people who currently smoke and drink formed 55.8% of the cohort. Erythroplakias were solely identified in heavy life-long smokers. The most common identified primary anatomical locations were the lateral border of tongue, floor of mouth, and buccal mucosa. Moderate dysplasia was identified in 42 patients while 18 patients had severe dysplasia. Laser resection margins in selected cases (68 patients) were clear in 53 and showed mild-moderate dysplasia in the involved margins. The rate of recurrence had no significant association with the location but the severity of epithelial dysplasia. The rate of first recurrence after laser surgery was approximately 19.5%. Malignant transformation was observed in eight patients (10.4%), in the tongue and the floor of mouth. Recurrence and malignant transformation was mainly identified in erythroplakias and non-homogenous leukoplakias. Laser resection/ablation is recommended for oral dysplasia to prevent not only recurrence and malignant transformation but also postoperative oral dysfunction encountered by other conventional modalities.
Authors:
Waseem Jerjes; Tahwinder Upile; Zaid Hamdoon; Mohammed Al-Khawalde; Mira Morcos; Charles Alexander Mosse; Colin Hopper
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lasers in medical science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-604X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8611515     Medline TA:  Lasers Med Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
UCLH Head and Neck Centre, London, UK, waseem_wk1@yahoo.co.uk.
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