Document Detail

CMOS-compatible, label-free silicon-nanowire biosensors to detect cardiac troponin I for acute myocardial infarction diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22386490     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
A label-free biosensor for electrical detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a highly sensitive and selective biomarker of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is demonstrated using silicon nanowire (SiNW) based field-effect transistors (FETs). The FET devices were fabricated by a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible top-down approach to define the SiNW followed by tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) wet etching. Electrical characterizations of the SiNW FET revealed an ambipolar conduction characteristic with an on/off ratio of 10(5)-10(6). CTnI monoclonal antibodies were then covalently immobilized on the SiNW surfaces. By integrating with a homemade biosensor measurement system, the biosensor exhibited rapid and sensitive response to cTnI proteins. The current response showed a nature of logarithm relationship against the cTnI concentration from 46ng/mL down to 0.092ng/mL. Moreover, an anti-interference capability of the fabricated biosensor was also assessed. By utilizing the top-down fabrication method, this work provides an efficient way for the cTnI proteins detection with an enormous potential of mass-production, which definitely facilitate the practical applications.
Tao Kong; Ruigong Su; Beibei Zhang; Qi Zhang; Guosheng Cheng
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biosensors & bioelectronics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4235     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001289     Medline TA:  Biosens Bioelectron     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 398 Ruoshui Road, Suzhou Industrial Park, Jiangsu 215123, China.
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