Document Detail


CER to discrete and contextual stimuli: effects of stimulus modality depend on strain of rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15327908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Strain differences in perception, cognition and affect have been found to interact with the effect of experimental treatments on learning. The present study tested Dark Agouti (DA) and Wistar rats in conditioning to discrete and contextual stimuli, for strain differences in conditioned emotional response (CER) and effects of stimulus modality. A Pavlovian trace-conditioning procedure was used in which a discrete target stimulus (flashing light or tone, counterbalanced across groups) was paired either contiguously or at a 30-s trace with footshock. Contextual conditioning was assessed using a background (continuously presented) experimental stimulus (alternate to that used as target). Experiment 1 used 5 x 0.5 mA, 0.5-s footshock and Experiment 2 used 2 x 0.5 mA, 1-s footshock. In both experiments, conditioning to the discrete (target) and background stimuli interacted with strain of rat and stimulus modality. For conditioning to the target stimulus, the trace-conditioning effect (of relatively greater suppression in contiguously conditioned than trace-conditioned groups) differed by stimulus and strain. It was greater for the Wistar strain with the flashing light stimulus and for the DA strain with the click stimulus (although the latter was not significant in Experiment 1). In addition, suppression to the background stimulus was affected by stimulus modality for the DA but not Wistar strain in both experiments. DAs conditioned more to the click than the light as background, whereas there was no difference by stimulus modality for Wistars, although the exact pattern of how this stimulus modality effect was mediated differed between experiments. These results demonstrate that stimulus modality can be an issue when considering apparent strain differences in conditioning.
Authors:
C Norman; H J Cassaday
Related Documents :
11424658 - Validity and boundary conditions of automatic response activation in the simon task.
22580018 - Development of sensitivity to global form and motion in macaque monkeys (macaca nemestr...
20600318 - Achieving precise display timing in visual neuroscience experiments.
17601668 - A lasting post-stimulus activation on dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is produced when p...
21700578 - Shake rattle and roll: the bony labyrinth and aerial descent in squamates.
18616568 - Female preferences for aposematic signal components in a polymorphic poison frog.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0031-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Behav.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-25     Completed Date:  2004-12-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. christine.norman@nottingham.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Animals
Conditioning, Operant / physiology*
Electroshock
Emotions / physiology*
Male
Photic Stimulation
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Species Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Visual discrimination learning in dwarf goats and associated changes in heart rate and heart rate va...
Next Document:  Changes in jaw muscles activity with age: effects on food bolus properties.