Document Detail

CDKL5 mutations cause infantile spasms, early onset seizures, and severe mental retardation in female patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16611748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of mutations in CDKL5 in both male and female patients with infantile spasms or early onset epilepsy of unknown cause, and to consider whether the breadth of the reported phenotype would be extended by studying a different patient group.
METHODS: Two groups of patients were investigated for CDKL5 mutations. Group 1 comprised 73 patients (57 female, 16 male) referred to Cardiff for CDKL5 analysis, of whom 49 (42 female, 7 male) had epileptic seizure onset in the first six months of life. Group 2 comprised 26 patients (11 female, 15 male) with infantile spasms previously recruited to a clinical trial, the UK Infantile Spasms Study. Where a likely pathogenic mutation was identified, further clinical data were reviewed.
RESULTS: Seven likely pathogenic mutations were found among female patients from group 1 with epileptic seizure onset in the first six months of life, accounting for seven of the 42 in this group (17%). No mutations other than the already published mutation were found in female patients from group 2, or in any male patient from either study group. All patients with mutations had early signs of developmental delay and most had made little developmental progress. Further clinical information was available for six patients: autistic features and tactile hypersensitivity were common but only one had suggestive Rett-like features. All had a severe epileptic seizure disorder, all but one of whom had myoclonic jerks. The EEG showed focal or generalised changes and in those with infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia. Slow frequencies were seen frequently with a frontal or fronto-temporal predominance and high amplitudes.
CONCLUSIONS: The spectrum of the epileptic seizure disorder, and associated EEG changes, in those with CDKL5 mutations is broader than previously reported. CDKL5 mutations are a significant cause of infantile spasms and early epileptic seizures in female patients, and of a later intractable seizure disorder, irrespective of whether they have suspected Rett syndrome. Analysis should be considered in these patients in the clinical setting.
H L Archer; J Evans; S Edwards; J Colley; R Newbury-Ecob; F O'Callaghan; M Huyton; M O'Regan; J Tolmie; J Sampson; A Clarke; J Osborne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-04-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical genetics     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1468-6244     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Genet.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-04     Completed Date:  2007-01-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985087R     Medline TA:  J Med Genet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  729-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Genetics, Cardiff University, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Intellectual Disability / genetics*
Mutation / genetics*
Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics*
Seizures / epidemiology*,  genetics*
Spasms, Infantile / genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Kinases; EC protein, human

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