Document Detail


CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System: background and methodology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14760027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes a new surveillance system called the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), initiated by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NVDRS's mission is the collection of detailed, timely information on all violent deaths. DESIGN: NVDRS is a population based, active surveillance system designed to obtain a complete census of all resident and occurrent violent deaths. Each state collects information on its own deaths from death certificates, medical examiner/coroner files, law enforcement records, and crime laboratories. Deaths occurring in the same incident are linked. Over 270 data elements can be collected on each incident. SETTING: The 13 state health departments of Alaska, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, and Wisconsin. SUBJECTS: Cases consist of violent deaths from suicide, homicide, undetermined intent, legal intervention, and unintentional firearm injury. Information is collected on suspects as well as victims. INTERVENTIONS: None. OUTCOME MEASURES: The quality of surveillance will be measured in terms of its acceptability, accuracy, sensitivity, timeliness, utility, and cost. RESULTS: The system has just been started. There are no results as yet. CONCLUSIONS: NVDRS has achieved enough support to begin data collection efforts in selected states. This system will need to overcome the significant barriers to such a large data collection effort. Its success depends on the use of its data to inform and assess violence prevention efforts. If successful, it will open a new chapter in the use of empirical information to guide public policy around violence in the United States.
Authors:
L J Paulozzi; J Mercy; L Frazier; J L Annest;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1353-8047     ISO Abbreviation:  Inj. Prev.     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-04     Completed Date:  2004-04-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510056     Medline TA:  Inj Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. lbp4@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cause of Death
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Data Collection / methods
Homicide / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Medical Record Linkage
Mortality*
Population Surveillance / methods*
Suicide / statistics & numerical data
United States / epidemiology
Violence / statistics & numerical data*
Wounds, Gunshot / mortality
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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