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CD68 expression in aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23275124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Atherosclerosis commonly affects the arteries harvested from patients 70 years of age or older. Saphenous vein grafts appear to maintain a higher patency rate after coronary artery bypass grafting in these subjects. The infiltration of macrophages is an early step in saphenous vein graft atherosclerosis; however, little is known regarding the underlying mechanisms of infiltration. The objective of the present report is to evaluate the presence of CD68-positive cells in the saphenous vein wall and correlate initial CD68-positive infiltration to specific clinical and biochemical parameters and the graft patency rate as estimated in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. A total of 309 patients were allocated into two groups: A1 patients, who were between 50 and 70 years of age, and A2 patients, who were 70 years or older at the time of vein harvesting. CD68 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. There were no significant differences between A1 and A2 patients regarding macrophage expression within any of the analyzed vascular regions. Saphenous vein macrophages were never present in the tunica intima unless they were also expressed in the media or the adventitia. The patients with CD68-positive cells in the tunica intima had a significantly higher number of bypass stenoses when compared with the subjects who did not have CD68-positive cells in this layer. These findings suggest that the CD68-positive cells (those that have not yet developed into foam cells) present in the intima of saphenous vein grafts might serve as a very early marker of graft occlusion.
Authors:
Agnieszka Malinska; Bartlomiej Perek; Piotr Buczkowski; Katarzyna Kowalska; Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka; Wojciech Witkiewicz; Michal Nowicki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Histochemistry and cell biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-119X     ISO Abbreviation:  Histochem. Cell Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9506663     Medline TA:  Histochem Cell Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Research and Development Center, Provincial Specialized Hospital in Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland, amalinsk@ump.edu.pl.
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