Document Detail

The CASTEL project (CArdiovascular STudy in the ELderly): protocol, study design, and preliminary results of the initial survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1790539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The CASTEL (CArdiovascular STudy in the ELderly) has been performed in order to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension of people aged 65 years or more, to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of elderly subjects from a general population, to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of a systematic continuous community-based hypertension control program in the elderly, and finally to evaluate whether a population-based therapeutic intervention was able to extend to a great number of elderly hypertensive patients the benefits of a better control of hypertension. Only the preliminary results of the initial survey are described in this paper, since the final data collection will be available at the end of 1991. The prevalence of hypertension in elderly subjects of the CASTEL was 51.2% (44.6% for males, 52.2% for females), that of isolated systolic hypertension was 8.8% among the whole population sample (2254 subjects) and 23.4% among the subgroup of 850 hypertensives screened following the WHO criteria; 8 visits were performed during the initial screening and prevalence of hypertension regularly decreased from the first visit to the last one. Taking into consideration the mean of the last 2 blood pressure measurements performed during visit 8, average systolic blood pressure was 175.5 +/- 25.9 mmHg and diastolic 93.5 +/- 13.0 mmHg. Some correlations between blood pressure and other biological parameters are also discussed.
E Casiglia; P Spolaore; P Mormino; O Maschio; G Colangeli; L Celegon; G Maggiolo; L Tittoto; A Pasinato; G B Ambrosio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiologia (Rome, Italy)     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0393-1978     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiologia     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-04-01     Completed Date:  1992-04-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506637     Medline TA:  Cardiologia     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  569-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Clinica Medica I, Università degli Studi, Padova.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Hypertension / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Italy / epidemiology
Research Design
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data

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