Document Detail


Is C-reactive protein a useful predictor of outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11274243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) has recently been shown to be strongly predictive of mortality in hemodialysis patients. However, its predictive value in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has not been assessed. A cohort of 50 PD patients was followed prospectively for a 3-yr period, after initial determination of CRP. Patients with an elevated CRP (>6 mg/L; n = 29) had significantly reduced plasma prealbumin (0.36 +/- 0.02 versus 0.44 +/- 0.03 g/L; P: < 0.05), decreased total weekly creatinine clearance (C(Cr); 52.5 +/- 2.3 versus 63.1 +/- 3.2 L/1.73 m(2); P: < 0.01), and increased left ventricular thickness (1.24 +/- 0.05 versus 1.08 +/- 0.06 cm; P: < 0.05) at baseline compared with those who had a normal CRP (< or =6 mg/L; n = 21). Baseline CRP (log-transformed) correlated weakly with baseline Kt/V, C(Cr), and pre-albumin. With the use of a multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model to adjust for potential confounding factors, an elevated CRP was predictive of myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio, 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 23; P: = 0.048) and tended to be predictive of fatal myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio, 6.0; 95% CI, 0.8 to 43; P: = 0.07). However, CRP was not significantly associated with all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.1; 95% CI,0.8 to 5.4; P: = 0.15). In conclusion, CRP elevation occurs in a substantial proportion of PD patients and is independently predictive of future myocardial infarction. Such patients may warrant closer monitoring and attention to modifiable cardiovascular risk factors.
Authors:
K A Herzig; D M Purdie; W Chang; A M Brown; C M Hawley; S B Campbell; J M Sturtevant; N M Isbel; D L Nicol; D W Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1046-6673     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-29     Completed Date:  2001-07-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9013836     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Nephrol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  814-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Renal Medicine, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, Brisbane Q 4102, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / blood
Peritoneal Dialysis*
Prognosis
Proportional Hazards Models
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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