Document Detail


C. elegans feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22628186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
C. elegans feeding depends on the action of the pharynx, a neuromuscular pump that joins the mouth to the intestine. The pharyngeal muscle captures food-bacteria-and transports it back to the intestine. It accomplishes this through a combination of two motions, pumping and isthmus peristalsis. Pumping, the most visible and best understood of the two, is a cycle of contraction and relaxation that sucks in liquid from the surrounding environment along with suspended particles, then expels the liquid, trapping the particles. Pharyngeal muscle is capable of pumping without nervous system input, but during normal rapid feeding its timing is controlled by two pharyngeal motor neuron types. Isthmus peristalsis, a posterior moving wave of contraction of the muscle of the posterior isthmus, depends on a third motor neuron type. Feeding motions are regulated by the presence and quality of food in the worm's environment. Some types of bacteria are better at supporting growth than others. Given a choice, worms are capable of identifying and seeking out higher-quality food. Food availability and quality also affect behavior in other ways. For instance, given all the high-quality food they can eat, worms eventually become satiated, stop eating and moving, and become quiescent.
Authors:
Leon Avery; Young-Jai You
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2012-05-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  WormBook : the online review of C. elegans biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1551-8507     ISO Abbreviation:  WormBook     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-25     Completed Date:  2012-08-13     Revised Date:  2013-06-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101303985     Medline TA:  WormBook     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. lavery3@vcu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Caenorhabditis elegans / physiology*
Feeding Behavior / physiology
Peristalsis
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK83593/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; HL46154/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R37 HL046154/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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